Food and Farming

Blue Growth: The Need for Fish Farms

A Response to Breakthrough’s Essay on Next-Generation Aquaculture

There is no question that any major increase in global fish production will need to come from aquaculture. It is true that all forms of food production come with environmental costs, but fish outperform livestock on many metrics of environmental impact. They also come with significant health benefits. Looking forward, farmed mollusks, which require no feed, freshwater, or antibiotics, may offer unique opportunities for capitalizing on these gains.

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Responses: Plenty of Fish on the Farm

Dane Klinger, Kim Thompson, and Ray Hilborn Respond to Breakthrough Essay

As part of Breakthrough's Future of Food series, we have invited experts on food, farming, livestock, and resource use to respond to and critique our research essays. We hope this will be the starting point for an inclusive, productive, and exciting new conversation about 21st-century food systems. You can read the responses to Marian Swain’s essay on next-generation aquaculture below.

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The Ghosts of Aquaculture’s Past Haunt Its Future

A Response to Breakthrough’s Essay on Next-Generation Aquaculture

Public discourse around aquaculture tends to focus on poor practices and mistakes of the past rather than on improvements and potential for the present and future. It is imperative that we focus on the innovation available to move this industry forward, rather than dwelling on the past and missing out on opportunities to ensure a healthy and sustainable food future.

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The Value of Sector-Wide Diversity

A Response to Breakthrough’s Essay on Next-Generation Aquaculture

Aquaculture is a diverse industry, and our capacity to maximize its potential will likely increase with an equally diverse approach to development. Concurrent research and development of a wide range of technologies will allow aquaculture to thrive across a range of environments, adding to the resiliency of the sector as a whole.

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Plenty of Fish on the Farm

Why Clean Energy Is Key for Next-Generation Aquaculture

Demand for seafood is growing, but many wild fish stocks are already under strain from overfishing. Instead of harvesting more wild fish, aquaculture—or fish farming—is poised to dominate the future of seafood production. While intensive commercial fish farming has taken a toll on the environment, causing habitat loss and pollution problems, next-generation aquaculture systems have the potential to resolve many of these problems by moving fish farming into indoor tanks or offshore fish farms in the open ocean. More energy, however, will be required for these technologies, meaning that a sustainable future for seafood will depend on cheap, clean, abundant energy.

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Food and farming

Issues regarding food and farming.