On Justice Movements

Why They Fail the Environment and the Poor

1. Broder, John (2011). "Greenpeace Leader Visits Boardroom, Without Forsaking Social Activism." New York Times. December 6th.

2. World Energy Outlook (2012). "World Energy Outlook 2012 Factsheet."

3. Naidoo, Kumi (2011). "Please Don't Squander This Moment." Greenpeace. Dec 9th.

4. Chavis, Benjamin and Charles Lee (1987). "Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States." United Church of Christ Commission for Racial Justice.

5. See: Anderton, Douglas, Andy Anderson, et al. (1994). "Environmental Equity: The Demographics of Dumping." Demography. 31 (2): 229-248; Boer, J. Tom, Manuel Pastor, et al. (1997). "Is There Environmental Racism? The Demographics of Hazardous Waste in Los Angeles County." Social Science Quarterly. 78 (4): 793-810; Heiman, Michael (1996). "Race, Waste, and Class: New Perspectives on Environmental Justice." Antipode. 28 (2).

6. For a further discussion of "Cancer Alley" see Foreman, Christopher (1998). The Promise and Peril of Environmental Justice. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution: 73-77.

7. According to Cooper et al (2000), "Blacks have the highest rates of CHD [coronary heart disease]": Cooper, Richard et al. (2000). "Trends and Disparities in Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Other Cardiovascular Diseases in the United States." Circulation. 102:3137-3147; For a discussion of racial differences in hypertension see Thorpe, Roland, Dwayne Brandon & Thomas LaVeist (2008). "Social Context as an Explanation for Race Disparities in Hypertension: Findings from the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities (EHDIC) Study." Social Science and Medicine. 67: 1604-1611.

8. Pezzullo, Phaedra & Ronald Sandler (2007). "Introduction: Revisiting the Environmental Justice Challenge to Environmentalism" in Environmental Justice and Environmentalism: The Social Justice Challenge to the Environmental Movement, eds Ronald Sandler & Phaedra Pezzullo. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

9. Marmot, Michael (2005). "Social Determinants of Health Inequalities." Lancet. 365: 1099-1104. This insight helped yield an ongoing discussion about, and advocacy around "health disparities" as exemplified in "Health Disparities and the Body Politic: A Series of International Symposia" (2005). Boston: Harvard School of Public Health.

10. Global Humanitarian Forum (2009). The Anatomy of a Silent Crisis. Geneva: Global Humanitarian Forum.

11. Maathai, Wangari (2009). "PACJA Letter to Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt." Climate Justice Now.

12. Datablog (2011). "World Carbon Dioxide Emissions Data By Country: China Speeds Ahead of the Rest." The Guardian. January 31st.

13. Posner, Eric & David Weisbach (2010). Climate Change Justice. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

14. Watts, Jonathan (2010). When a Billion Chinese Jump: How China Will Save Mankind — Or Destroy It. New York: Scribner.

15. Ran, Zhang (2009). "WB Hails Poverty Reuction in China." China Daily. April 9th.

16. Tokar, Brian (2010). Toward Climate Justice. Porsgrunn, Norway: Communalism Press.

17. Klein, Naomi (2011). "Capitalism vs. The Climate." The Nation. November 28th.

18. Libby, Heather (2011). "Three Questions for TckTckTck Board Chiarman, Kumi Naidoo on the Results of the G8." Tck Tck Tck. May 27th.

19. Easterly, WIlliam (2007). The White Man's Burden: Why the West's Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good. New York: Penguin and Collier, Paul (2007). The Bottom Billion: Why The Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It. New York: Oxford University Press.

20. Prins, Gwyn et al (2010). The Hartwell Paper. May: 22.