After Agroecology

Why Traditional Agricultural Practices Can't Transform African Agriculture
  1. M. Altieri and C. Nicholls Agroecology and the Search for a Truly Sustainable Agriculture (UN Environmental Programme, 2005), http://agroeco.org/doc/agroecology-engl-PNUMA.pdf.

  2. Jess Margolus, Tara Nakashima, and Chantal Orr, "Appropriate Technology: Learning from One Another," http://web.uvic.ca/~essa/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/Reclaiming-Sustainability-Conference-Appropriate-Technology.pdf.

  3. Felipe Gallardo-López et al., "Development of the Concept of Agroecology in Europe: A Review," Sustainability, 10 (2018): 1210, www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability.

  4. Felipe Gallardo-López et al., pg. 7.

  5. V. Seufert, N. Ramankutty, and J. A. Foley, “Comparing the Yields of Organic and Conventional Agriculture,” Nature 485 (2012): 229–32.

  6. Ponisio LC, M’Gonigle LK, Mace KC, et al., “Diversification Practices Reduce Organic to Conventional Yield Gap,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 282 (2015), no. 1799: 20141396.

  7. Miguel A. Altieri and Victor Manuel Toledo, “The Agroecological Revolution in Latin America: Rescuing Nature, Ensuring Food Sovereignty and Empowering Peasants.” Journal of Peasant Studies 38, no. 3 (2011): 587, http://www.agroeco.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/Altieri-and-Toledo-JPS-38.3-2011.pdf.

  8. Peter M. Rosset and Maria Elena Martínez-Torres, “Rural Social Movements and Agroecology: Context, Theory, and Process,” Ecology and Society 17, no. 3 (2012): 17, https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol17/iss3/art17/.

  9. Sarah K. Lowder, Jakob Skoet, and Terri Raney, “The Number, Size, and Distribution of Farms, Smallholder Farms, and Family Farms Worldwide,” World Development 87 (November 2016): 17, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X15002703

  10. United Nations NEPAD, Agriculture in Africa: Transformation and Outlook, http://www.un.org/en/africa/osaa/pdf/pubs/2013africanagricultures.pdf.

  11. Gollin and Rogerson, Agriculture, Roads, and Economic Development in Uganda, pg. 4, https://www.nber.org/papers/w15863.pdf.

  12. Miguel A. Altieri, “Applying Agroecology to Enhance the Productivity of Peasant Farming Systems in Latin America,” Environment, Development and Sustainability 1 (1999): 199, http://www.masterhdfs.org/masterHDFS/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Applying-agroecology-peasant-ag-in-LA-.pdf.

  13. Glenn Denning Ugandan farmers would still be limited by poor national irrigation infrastructure, Pedro Sanchez, et al. “Input Subsidies to Improve Smallholder Maize Productivity in Malawi: Toward an African Green Revolution,” PLoS Biology 7 (2009): e23, https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1000023.

  14. Peter R. Nkhoma, “The Evolution of Agricultural Input Subsidy Programs: Contextualizing Policy Debates in Malawi’s FISP,” World Development Perspectives 9 (March 2018): 12–17,

  15. Christopher Chibwana, Charles B. L. Jumbe, and Gerald Shively, “Agricultural Subsidies and Forest Clearing in Malawi,” Environmental Conservation 40, no. 1 (March 2013): 60–70. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/environmental-conservation/article/agricultural-subsidies-and-forest-clearing-in-malawi/67EDFD0DBDD39F365084BDB9EBBF0E84#.

  16. Monica Fisher and Gerald E. Shively, “Agricultural Subsidies and Forest Pressure in Malawi’s ‘Miombo’ Woodlands,” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 32, No. 2 (August 2007): 349–62,

  17. Distributed irrigation in sub-Saharan Africa. Jennifer A. Burney, Rosamond L. Naylor, Sandra L. Postel. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Jul 2013, 110 (31) 12513-12517; DOI:10.1073/pnas.1203597110

  18. https://www.mamopanel.org/resources/reports-and-briefings/water-wise-smart-irrigation-strategies-africa/

  19. Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency. Accessed 18 October, 2018. Shallow Ground Water Mapping. http://www.ata.gov.et/programs/ highlighted-deliverables/input-voucher-sales-system-ivs/

  20. Douglas Gollin and Richard Rogerson, Agriculture, Roads, and Economic Development in Uganda, NBER Working Paper no. 15863 (Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1999): 2, https://www.nber.org/papers/w15863.pdf.