Taking Modernization Seriously

How to Think About Global Industrialization

1. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, “World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision (New York: United Nations, 2015).

2. UNESCO, “Water for a Sustainable World” (New York: United Nations, 2015).

3.  U.S. Energy Information Administration, “EIA projects world energy consumption will increase 56% by 2050,” July 25, 2013.

5. World Health Organization, “Household Air Pollution and Health,” Fact Sheet No. 292, Updated February 2016.

6. Alexander Hamilton, Report to Congress on the Subject of Manufactures, December 5, 1791.

7.  Michael Lind, Land of Promise: An Economic History of the United States (New York: HarperCollins, 2012).

8.  Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1962).

9.  P.T. Bauer, Equality, The Third World, and Economic Delusion (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981); Reality and Rhetoric: Studies in the Economics of Development (Harvard University Press, 1984).

10. James C. Scott, Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998).

11.  E. F. Schumacher, Small is Beautiful: A Study of Economics As If People Mattered (Blond & Briggs, 1973).

12. Joe Studwell, How Asia Works: Success and Failure in the World’s Most Dynamic Region (Grove Press, 2013).

13.  Ibid., P. 57.

14. African Development bank, Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development and United Nations Development Programme, “Global Value Chains and Africa’s Industrialization: African Economic Outlook 2014,” p. 173.