Frequently Asked Questions About Energy Efficiency

1. Luke, Max, Amy Meyer, Harry Saunders, Ted Nordhaus, Harry Saunders, Michael Shellenberger, and Alex Trembath. “Lighting, Electricity, Steel: Energy Efficiency Backfire in Emerging Economies,” Breakthrough Institute, October 2014. http://thebreakthrough.org/index.php/issues/energy-efficiency/lighting-electricity-steel.

2. Baksi, Soham, and Chris Green. "Calculating economy-wide energy intensity decline rate: the role of sectoral output and energy shares." Energy Policy 35.12 (2007): 6457-6466.

3. Saunders, Harry D. Does predicted rebound depend on distinguishing between energy and energy services? Energy Policy, 28(6-7): 497-500. 2000.

4. Jenkins, Jesse, Ted Nordhaus, and Michael Shellenberger. "Energy emergence: rebound and backfire as emergent phenomena." Breakthrough Institute (2011). http://thebreakthrough.org/blog/Energy_Emergence.pdf.

5. Sorrell, Steve. Jevons’ Paradox revisited: The evidence for backfire from improved energy efficiency, Energy Policy, 37(4): 1456-1469. 2009.

6. Caine, Mark, Jason Lloyd, Max Luke, Lisa Margonelli, Todd Moss, Ted Nordhaus, Roger Pielke, Jr., Mikael Román, Joyashree Roy, Daniel Sarewitz, Michael Shellenberger, Kartikeya Singh, and Alex Trembath, “Our High-Energy Planet,” Breakthrough Institute and the Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes, April 2014. http://thebreakthrough.org/index.php/programs/energy-and-climate/our-high-energy-planet.

7. Alliance to Save Energy, American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Natural Resources Defense Council, and Union of Concerned Scientists. Energy Innovations: A Prosperous Path to a Clean Environment. June 1997.

8. Amory Lovins. Energy End-Use Efficiency. Rocky Mountain Institute, September 19, 2005.

9. Nisbet, Matthew. “Climate Shift: Clear Vision for the Next Decade of Public Debate,” ClimateShiftProject.org, Summer 2011. http://climateshiftproject.org/report/climate-shift-clear-vision-for-the-next-decade-of-public-debate/.

10. Jenkins, Jesse, Ted Nordhaus, Michael Shellenberger, “Energy Efficiency: Beware of Overpromises,” Ensia, May 28, 2013. http://ensia.com/voices/energy-efficiency-beware-of-overpromises/.

11. Trembath, Alex. “IEA Acknowledges Rebound Effects: Clean Energy Equivalent of 4 to 19 Australias Required to Meet Gap Created By Rebound,” Breakthrough Institute, October 6, 2014. http://thebreakthrough.org/index.php/voices/energetics/iea-acknowledges-rebound-effects.

12. International Energy Agency. 2014. “Capturing the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency.”

13. Khazzoom, Daniel J. Economic implications of mandated efficiency standards for household appliances, Energy Journal: 1(4): 21-40. 1980.

14. Jevons, William Stanley. The coal question: can Britain survive? In: Flux, A.W. (Ed.). The Coal Question: An Inquiry Concerning the Progress of the Nation, and the Probable Exhaustion of Our Coal-mines. Augustus M. Kelley, New York, 1865.

15. Saunders, Harry D. The Khazzoom-Brookes postulate and neoclassical growth, Energy Journal: 13(4): 131. 1992.

16. Turner, Karen. "'Rebound effects from increased energy efficiency: a time to pause and reflect." (2012).

17. Maxwell, Dorothy, et al. "Addressing the rebound effect." Eur Comm DG Environ (2011).

18. Jenkins, Jesse, Ted Nordhaus, and Michael Shellenberger. "Energy emergence: rebound and backfire as emergent phenomena." Breakthrough Institute (2011). http://thebreakthrough.org/blog/Energy_Emergence.pdf.

19. International Energy Agency. 2014. “Capturing the Multiple Benefits of Energy Efficiency.”

20. Jenkins, Jesse, Ted Nordhaus, and Michael Shellenberger. "Energy emergence: rebound and backfire as emergent phenomena." Breakthrough Institute (2011). http://thebreakthrough.org/blog/Energy_Emergence.pdf.

21. Greening, Lorna, David L. Greene and Carmen Difliglio. “Energy efficiency and consumption – the rebound effect – a survey.” Energy Policy, 28 (6-7): 389-341. 2000.

22. Barker, Terry, Athanasios Dagoumas, and Jonathan Rubin. "The macroeconomic rebound effect and the world economy." Energy efficiency 2.4 (2009): 411-427.

23. Semboja, Haji Hatibu Haji. "The effects of an increase in energy efficiency on the Kenya economy." Energy Policy 22.3 (1994): 217-225.

24. Dufournaud, Christian M., John T. Quinn, and Joseph J. Harrington. "An applied general equilibrium (AGE) analysis of a policy designed to reduce the household consumption of wood in the Sudan." Resource and Energy Economics 16.1 (1994): 67-90.

25. Liang, Qiao-Mei, Ying Fan, and Yi-Ming Wei. "The effect of energy end-use efficiency improvement on China’s energy use and CO2 emissions: a CGE model-based analysis." Energy Efficiency 2.3 (2009): 243-262.

26. Roy, Joyashree. "The rebound effect: some empirical evidence from India."Energy policy 28.6 (2000): 433-438.

27. Van Benthem, Arthur, and Mattia Romani. "Fuelling growth: what drives energy demand in developing countries?." Energy Journal 30.3 (2009): 91.

28. Fouquet, Roger, and Peter JG Pearson. "The long run demand for lighting: elasticities and rebound effects in different phases of economic development."Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy 1.1 (2012): 83-100.

29. Luke, Max, Amy Meyer, Ted Nordhaus, Harry Saunders, Michael Shellenberger, Alex Trembath. “Lighting, Electricity, Steel: Energy Efficiency Backfire in Emerging Economies.” Breakthrough Institute. October 2014. http://thebreakthrough.org/index.php/issues/energy-efficiency/lighting-electricity-steel.

30. Jenkins, Jesse, Ted Nordhaus, and Michael Shellenberger. "Energy emergence: rebound and backfire as emergent phenomena." Breakthrough Institute (2011). http://thebreakthrough.org/blog/Energy_Emergence.pdf.

31. Saunders, Harry D. "Historical evidence for energy efficiency rebound in 30 US sectors and a toolkit for rebound analysts." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 80.7 (2013): 1317-1330.

32. Saunders, Harry D. "Historical evidence for energy efficiency rebound in 30 US sectors and a toolkit for rebound analysts." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 80.7 (2013): 1317-1330.

33. Jenkins, Jesse, Ted Nordhaus, and Michael Shellenberger. "Energy emergence: rebound and backfire as emergent phenomena." Breakthrough Institute (2011). http://thebreakthrough.org/blog/Energy_Emergence.pdf.

34. Barker, Terry, Athanasios Dagoumas, and Jonathan Rubin. "The macroeconomic rebound effect and the world economy." Energy efficiency 2.4 (2009): 411-427.

35. Fouquet, Roger. Heat, power and light: revolutions in energy services. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008.

36. Ayres, Robert U., and Benjamin Warr. The economic growth engine: how energy and work drive material prosperity. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010.

37. Baksi, Soham, and Chris Green. "Calculating economy-wide energy intensity decline rate: the role of sectoral output and energy shares." Energy Policy 35.12 (2007): 6457-6466.