Demand for seafood is growing, but many wild fish stocks are already under strain from overfishing. Instead of harvesting more wild fish, aquaculture—or fish farming—is poised to dominate the future of seafood production. While intensive commercial fish farming has taken a toll on the environment, causing habitat loss and pollution problems, next-generation aquaculture systems have the potential to resolve many of these problems by moving fish farming into indoor tanks or offshore fish farms in the open ocean. More energy, however, will be required for these technologies, meaning that a sustainable future for seafood will depend on cheap, clean, abundant energy.
Plenty of Fish on the Farm, Marian Swain
The Value of Sector-Wide Diversity, Dane Klinger
The Ghosts of Aquaculture’s Past Haunt Its Future, Kim Thompson
Blue Growth: The Need for Fish Farms, Ray Hilborn