The Future of Meat

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[2] FAO (2016). Inputs – Land. FAOstat database.

[3] Gerber, P.J; Steinfeld, H; Henderson, B; Mottet, A.; Opio, C.; Dijkman, J.; Falcucci, A. & T. Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock. (2013), p. Xii.

[4] Herrero, M. et al. Biomass use, production, feed efficiencies, and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 110, 1–6 (2013).

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[6] Tilman, D. & Clark, M. Global diets link environmental sustainability and human health. Nature 515, 518–522 (2014).

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[11] Vegetarian Resource Group, “2015 adult poll”

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[19] FAO (2016). Production – Livestock Primary. FAOstat database.

[20] FAO. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 3, (2006), pg. 53.

[21] FAO (2006)

[22] Smil, V. Should We Eat Meat? Wiley-Blackwell (2013), pg. 55.

[23] Gerber, P. et al. Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock. FAO (2013), p. xviii

[24] FAO (2006), p. 51

[25] Ogle (2013), pg. 144

[26] Ogle (2013), pg. 130

[27] FAO (2006)

[28] Smil (2013), pg. 118.

[29] Gerber, P., Mooney, H. A., Dijkman, J., Tarawali, S. & de Haan, C. Livestock in a Changing Landscape: Experiences and Regional Perspectives, Volume 2. 2, (Island Press, 2010), P. 96.

[30] Gerber et al. (2010), p. 113

[31] Gerber et al. (2010), p. 14

[32] Gerber et al. (2010), p. 15

[33] FAO (2006), p. 275

[34] Smil (2013), p. 128

[35] Ogle (2013), pg. 145

[36] FAO (2006), p. xx

[39] Herrero et al. (2013)

[41] Capper (2012)

[42] Capper (2012)

[43] Gerber et al. (2013), p. 52

[45] Capper, J. L. & Bauman, D. E. The Role of Productivity in Improving the Environmental Sustainability of Ruminant Production Systems. Annu. Rev. Anim. Biosci. 1, 469–489 (2013).

[48] Gerber et al. (2013), p. 35-36

[49] Gerber et al. (2013), p. 36

[50] Gerber et al. (2013), p. 21

[51] Gerber et al. (2013), p. 26

[52] Alexandratos & Bruinsma (2012), p. 74

[53] de Vries & de Boer (2010), p. 5

[54] Smil, V. Harvesting the Biosphere. MIT Press (2013), p. 129. 

[55] FAO (2006), p. 66

[56] Gerber et al. (2013), p. 35

[57] FAO (2006), p. 75

[59] Nonhebel (2004)

[60] Kamali et al. (2016)

[61] Kamali et al. (2016)

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[63] Jensen, S et al. (2016) “Irrigated Pasture.” Oregon State University Extension Service (accessed 12/6/16).

[64] Mekonnen & Hoekstra (2012)

[65] Mekonnen & Hoekstra (2012)

[66] FAO (2006), p. 135

[68] Murray & Vegh (2015)

[69] Murray & Vegh (2015)

[70] Gerber et al. (2010), p. 151

[71] Gerber et al. (2010), p. 151

[72] FAO (2006), p. 275

[73] Gerber et al. (2010), p. 96

[74] Gerber et al. (2010), p. 108

[76] Capper (2011)

[77] Wei-Haas, M. Burp by Burp, Fighting Emissions from CowsNational Geographic: August 3, 2015.

[78] Barona, E., Ramankutty, N., Hyman, G. & Coomes, O. T. The role of pasture and soybean in deforestation of the Brazilian AmazonEnviron. Res. Lett. 5, 24002 (2010).

[79] Gregory, N. G. Animal Welfare and the Meat MarketAnimal Welfare and Meat Science (1998), p. 4.

[80] Smil (2013), p. 145

[81] Smil (2013), p. 145

[82] Mitchell, L. Impact of Consumer Demand for Animal Welfare on Global Trade. Chang. Struct. Glob. Food Consum. Trade 80–89 (2001).

[84] Science Friday. Scientists Develop a Hornless Cow Through Gene Editing. October 14, 2016.