Electricity for All

What Universal Energy Access Will Take

Recommended Reading:

M. Bazilian, A. Sagar, R. Detchon, and K. Yumkella, “More Heat and Light,” Energy Policy 38 (2010): 5409–5412.

M. Bazilian, P. Nussbaumer, H.-H. Rogner, A. Brew-Hammond, V. Foster, E. Williams, M. Howells, P. Niyongabo, L. Musaba, B. Ó Gallachóir, M. Radka, and D. Kammen, “Access Scenarios to 2030 for the Power Sector in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Utilities Policy (2012).

M. Bazilian, P. Nussbaumer, E. Haites, M. Levi,M. Howells, and K. Yumkella, “Understanding the Scale of Investment for Universal Energy Access,” Geopolitics of Energy 32 (2010): 19–40.

M. Bazilian, R. Economy, P. Nussbaumer, E. Haites, M. Levi, M. Howells, K. Yumkella, and D. Rothman, “The Scale of Investment for Universal Energy Access Re­visited: Beyond Basic Access,” in Sovacool et al., Eds. (Oxford University Press, in press).

GEA, 2012: Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future, Cambridge University Press, Cam­bridge, UK and New York, NY, and the Internation­al Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria.

International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2012. Paris, France, 2012. http://www.worldenergyout­look. org/resources/energydevelopment/definingandmodellingenergyaccess/.

N. Nakicenovic and W. Nordhaus, ”Editors’ Introduc­tion: The Economics of Technologies to Combat Global Warming,” Energy Economics 33, issue 4 (July 2011).

C. Wolfram, O. Shelef, and P. Gertler, How Will Ener­gy Demand Develop in the Developing World? (Haas School, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 2012).

World Bank, Global Tracking Framework. World Bank Sustainability for All Program, Washington, DC, 2013.