Can Palm Oil Deforestation Be Stopped?

Why Only Sustainable Intensification Can Save Indonesia's Forests
  1. FAOstat (2014). FAOstat Database: Production Quantity, Palm Oil. http://faostat3.fao.org/download/Q/QD/E 

  2. FAOstat.

  3. Sheil et al. (2009) "The impacts and opportunities of oil palm in Southeast Asia: What do we know and what do we need to know?” CIFOR Occasional Paper No. 51 http://www.cifor.org/publications/pdf_files/OccPapers/OP-51.pdf.

  4. World Bank/IFC (2011) "The World Bank Group Framework and IFC Strategy for Engagement in the Palm Oil Sector" http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/159dce004ea3bd0fb359f71dc0e8434d/WBG+Framework+and+IFC+Strategy_FINAL_FOR+WEB.pdf?MOD=AJPERES.

  5. WWF (2014) “Palm Oil: Productive and Versatile."  http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/footprint/agriculture/palm_oil/about/.

  6. Sheil et al.

  7. Stibig et al (2013). Change in tropical forest cover of Southeast Asia from 1990 to 2010, Biogeosciences, 11, 247-258.

  8. Abood et al (2014). “Relative contributions of the logging, fiber, oil palm and mining industries to forest loss in Indonesia.” Conservation Letters.

  9. Fitzherbert et al (2008). How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 23(10), 538–45.

  10. Sheil et al.

  11. EPA (2014) “Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data.” http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/global.html.

  12. WRI (2014). Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT 2.0). http://cait2.wri.org/wri/.

  13. Sodhi et al (2004). Southeast Asian biodiversity: an impending disaster. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19(12), 654–60.

  14. NPR (2008) “Worse Than Crude: The Case Against Palm Oil.”  http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=90714122.

  15. quoted in Biello, D. (2013) "How to Survive as a Biofuel-Maker: Sell Algae to Bakers [Slide Show]” http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-survive-as-former-algae-biofuel-maker-solazyme/.

  16. WWF.

  17. Thoenes, P. (2006) "Biofuels and Commodity Markets – Palm Oil Focus.” FAO Commodities and Trade Division. http://s3.amazonaws.com/zanran_storage/www.rlc.fao.org/ContentPages/15778750.pdf.

  18. Thoenes (2006). 

  19. Aubrey, A. (2013) "Palm Oil In The Food Supply: What You Should Know.” NPR. http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/07/25/205486197/palm-oil-in-the-food-supply-what-you-should-know.

  20. Aubrey (2013). 

  21. World Bank/IFC.

  22. Teoh, C. H. (2004) “Selling the Green Palm Oil Advantage?” Oil Palm Industry Economic Journal 4:1. http://palmoilis.mpob.gov.my/publications/OPIEJ/opiejv4n1-teoh.pdf.

  23. World Bank/IFC.

  24. MacLean, D (2014) "Palm oil fuels Indonesia deforestation.” Al Jazeera. http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2014/04/palm-oil-fuels-indonesia-deforestation-indigenous-displa-201443145636809366.html

  25. Sheil et al.

  26. Obidzinski, K. (2013) "FACT FILE – Indonesia world leader in palm oil production.” Forests News (CIFOR) http://blog.cifor.org/17798/fact-file-indonesia-world-leader-in-palm-oil-production#.U03GxuZdWoU.

  27. Obidzinski (2013). 

  28. Bahroeny, JJ (2009) "Palm oil as an economic pillar of Indonesia” Jakarta Post. http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2009/12/02/palm-oil-economic-pillar-indonesia.html.

  29. Sheil et al.

  30. Obidzinski 2013.

  31. World Bank/IFC.

  32. Obidzinski 2013.

  33. Cited in Asian Development Bank (2006). Indonesia: Strategic Vision for Agriculture and Rural Development. http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/pub/2006/Strategic-Vision-Indonesia.pdf

  34. MacLean, D (2014) "Palm oil fuels Indonesia deforestation.” Al Jazeera. http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2014/04/palm-oil-fuels-indonesia-deforestation-indigenous-displa-201443145636809366.html.

  35. OECD-FAO (2014). OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2014: Chapter 5, Oilseeds and Oilseeds Products. http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/agriculture-and-food/oecd-fao-agricultural-outlook-2014/oilseeds-and-oilseed-products_agr_outlook-2014-8-en#page7

  36. Drewnowski & Popkin (1997). The nutrition transition: new trends in the global diet. Nutrition Reviews, 55(2), 31–43.

  37. Thoenes 2006.

  38. Sheil et al.

  39. World Bank/IFC. 

  40. Sheil et al.

  41. Sheil et al.

  42. Lapola et al (2013). Pervasive transition of the Brazilian land-use system. Nature Climate Change, 4(1), 27–35.

  43. Rocha, R. (2011). Deforestation Slowdown in the Legal Amazon: Prices or Policies? Climate Policy.


References

Arga, A. (2007). “Indonesia world’s No. 3 greenhouse gas emitter: report.” Reuters.  http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/06/04/environment-climate-indonesia-dc-idUSJAK26206220070604.

Balmford et al (2005). Sparing land for nature: exploring the potential impact of changes in agricultural yield on the area needed for crop production. Global Change Biology, 11, 1594–1605.

Curran et al (2004). Lowland Forest Loss in Protected Areas of Indonesian Borneo. Science 303 (5660), 1000–1003.

Koh & Wilcove (2008). Is oil palm agriculture really destroying tropical biodiversity? Conservation Letters, 1(2), 60–64.

Mascia, M. B., & Pailler, S. (2011). Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) and its conservation implications. Conservation Letters, 4(1), 9–20.

Popkin, B. M. (2003). The Nutrition Transition in the Developing World. Development Policy Review, 21(5-6), 581–597.